Azulejo (“Tiles”) derives from the Arabic word “al zulej” which means smooth and polished stone. It is usually used in large numbers as an element associated with the architecture in coating interior, exterior surfaces or as an isolated decorative element. Themes range from stories of historical episodes, mythological scenes, religious iconography to a wide range of decorative elements scattered across many themes (such as geometric).
They are applied to walls, floors and ceilings of palaces, gardens and religious, residential and public buildings. In the churches, the tile covers all surfaces, even ceilings and vaults, where there is an aesthetic complement between the golden carving of the Portuguese Baroque period and the undulating frames of the tile. It has a strong descriptive and monumental scenographic sense, being considered today one of the most original productions of Portuguese culture, where it makes itself known, not only the history but also the mentality and the taste of each era, through an extensive illustrated book of great chromatic richness.